Reader's Digest

Canadian Immigration: Medical Exams

Canada, just like many other countries that accept immigrants, international workers, and students, mandates that persons who enter the country undergo medical examinations. This ensures that newcomers are physically fit to perform their work, do not pose a health risk to the Canadian population, and do not require a significant amount of healthcare resources primarily intended for Canadian citizens and permanent residents before granting appropriate visas or permanent residence status.

What exactly is a medical examination for Canadian immigration?

An IRCC-approved panel physician performs an immigration medical exam. The examination determines whether a person should be denied entry to Canada on medical grounds.

An IRCC-approved medical exam will include a medical history questionnaire, a physical examination, and any additional tests deemed necessary by your panel physician. If your doctor needs more information, he or she may refer you to a specialist. You are permitted by law to bring a chaperone to your scheduled visit.

Bring the appropriate identification with you, such as a passport and/or other forms of ID by the government, as well as information about your health (a list of the medications you are taking, eyeglasses, etc.). to your medical checkup. Some Canadian immigration programs allow you to finish your medical test before applying. Others demand an exam after application. The leading complete immigration medical centre Brampton has available will offer you a deadline to finish the exam in certain instances. 

Why is the medical exam required in Canada?

This is one of the FAQs. The primary goal of the medical exam is to determine whether a person is medically fit to enter Canada. If a person constitutes a threat to public safety or health, or their medical condition could strain the Canadian healthcare system, their immigration application may be declined.

What constitutes medical inadmissibility in Canada?

On this page are two reasons why a person may be judged medically inadmissible:

They endanger public health and safety in Canada.

Certain ailments, such as extremely contagious illnesses, can endanger the health and safety of Canadian residents, making them medically inadmissible.

They’ll strain Canada’s health and welfare systems.

Canadians, permanent residents, and some temporary residents have access to universal health and social services. Immigration applicants may be deemed medically inadmissible if it is considered that they will be a financial burden on Canada’s free healthcare system or that their presence will significantly impact wait times for Canadians. This covers applicants who use the Express Entry and Provincial Nominee Programs.

Following a modification in 2018, the excessive demand threshold is determined to be just above CAD 20,000 per year, roughly three times the prior barrier. You may be medically ineligible if you require medical treatment exceeding this amount.

Notably, spouses, partners, and dependent children sponsored for immigration, as well as refugees and protected persons, are exempt from the excessive demand provision. Furthermore, because many temporary residence applications do not require this exam, certain students, workers, and visitors will be exempt from these admission requirements.


If you wish to become a permanent resident of Canada, obtain a work or study visa, or immigrate there, Immigration, Refugees, and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) may require you to complete a medical test before you arrive in the country. This test is required for most permanent and temporary residence applications, including those submitted by workers, students, and visitors.

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